SCALE  FORMULAS




Here we will look at how to figure out what notes belong to a specific type of scale by looking at the formulas used for each scale type to determine which notes to play in any of the 15 Major Key Signatures.

Using the table of Major Scale Notes simply find the type of Scale you want to play in the Table of Scale Formulas and alter the notes of the Major Scale.

Example: How to figure out the notes of a C Blues Scale:
  1. Find the Blues Scale formula.
    1     b3     4     b5     5     b7

  2. Find the C Major Scale notes.
    C  -  D  -  E  -  F  -  G  -  A  -  B 

  3. Alter the notes of the C Scale using the Blues Scale formula.
    C  -  Eb  -  F  -  Gb  -  G  -  Bb 
     1     b3     4      b5       5     b7
Scale Formulas
Scale
Formula
Major  1   2   3   4   5   6   7
Minor  1   2   b3   4   5   b6   b7
Harmonic Minor  1   2   b3   4   5   b6   7
Melodic Minor (Up)  1   2   b3   4   5   #6   #7
Melodic Minor (Down)  b7   b6   5   4   b3   2   1
Ionian  1   2   3   4   5   6   7
Dorian  1   2   b3   4   5   6   b7
Phrygian  1   b2   b3   4   5   b6   b7
Lydian  1   2   3   #4   5   6   7
Mixolydian  1   2   3   4   5   6   b7
Aeolian  1   2   b3   4   5   b6   b7
Locrian  1   b2   b3   4   b5   b6   b7
Blues  1   b3   4   b5   5   b7
Pentatonic  1   2   3   5   6
Pentatonic Minor  1   2   b3   5   b7
Diminished  1   2   b3   4   b5   b6   6   7
Oriental  1   b2   3   4   b5   6   b7
Gypsy  1   2   b3   b5   5   b6   7
Hungarian Major  1   b3   3   b5   5   6   b7
Hungarian Minor  1   2   b3   b5   5   b6   7
Neopolitan Major  1   b2   b3   4   5   6   7
Neopolitan Minor  1   b2   b3   4   5   b6   b7
Egyptian  1   2   4   5   b7
Whole Tone  1   2   3   b5   #5   b7

Major Scale Notes
Key Signature
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
C
C
D
E
F
G
A
B
C
G
G
A
B
C
D
E
F#
G
D
D
E
F#
G
A
B
C#
D
A
A
B
C#
D
E
F#
G#
A
E
E
F#
G#
A
B
C#
D#
E
B
B
C#
D#
E
F#
G#
A#
B
F#
F#
G#
A#
B
C#
D#
E#
F#
C#
C#
D#
E#
F#
G#
A#
B#
C#
F
F
G
A
Bb
C
D
E
F
Bb
Bb
C
D
Eb
F
G
A
Bb
Eb
Eb
F
G
Ab
Bb
C
D
Eb
Ab
Ab
Bb
C
Db
Eb
F
G
Ab
Db
Db
Eb
F
Gb
Ab
Bb
C
Db
Gb
Gb
Ab
Bb
Cb
Db
Eb
F
Gb
Cb
Cb
Db
Eb
Fb
Gb
Ab
Bb
Cb
Once you know the note names of each Major Scale it becomes easy to learn common Scale Formulas in order for you to use Scales to improvise or Solo.
 
 
 
 
 
 



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