The Major scale is the most common scale used in music and is also known as the "Ionian Mode". It uses all of the natural notes of a Major Key Signature. Once you know the key for a song you can use the notes of a scale to solo with confidence in knowing that you will be playing the right notes.
C Major Scale:
Other types of scales use selected notes of a Major key and alter them as well. For example, the Blues scale formula is 1 - b3 - 4 - b5 - 5 - b7. For other types of scale formulas refer to the SCALE FORMULAS page.
There are 3 types of scale fingering patterns shown below. The Caged system is the easiest pattern to learn and provides for a 2 octave range in 1 hand position. All of the numbers in RED are the suggested fingerings.
Once you memorize this fingering pattern you can reuse it by moving up or down the fretboard. Whatever note you start on is the 1st note of the scale.
Once you know the fingering pattern for each scale system, PRACTICE going UP and then back DOWN for each pattern shown.